Method Of Installation
Glue-Less Laminate Flooring (aka “Tongue & Groove”) – Popular because of its ease of installation and without the need for glue, so no mess, no fuss.
It may take some time to develop the right feel of affixing the flooring materials together.
Based On Look Of Material Copied
Wood – Laminate tiles that look like natural wood are actually made of thin layers of wood combined with wood veneer and finished off with acrylic to make it tougher and more durable.
With today’s technology, it’s hard to tell this type of laminate flooring from solid hardwood.
Plastic – A versatile type of laminate flooring which is manufactured from fibreboard with an imposed photo image design. Do not use plastic laminate flooring for your bathroom as the material tends to retain moisture.
Stone – The great thing about this type of laminate flooring is that it gives your floors the grainy but beautiful natural look of stone with its deep textures, indentations, and rich assortment of colours.
Tiles – If you want the look of ceramic tiles, laminate flooring will give you a more durable alternative. Ceramic laminate flooring planks are available in various sizes.
Texture Of Laminate Flooring
Smooth Texture – This type of laminate flooring is designed to look like marble and ceramic tile with its appearance of having a smooth texture.
Compared to marble and ceramic tiles, laminate flooring is not only much easier to clean but it is also more durable.
Embossed Laminate Flooring – Heat sensitive polymer is used to manufacture embossed laminate flooring. These planks are available in different patterns that can be cut into rectangular strips or square-shaped blocks.
There are 2 types of embossed laminate flooring: Textured and EIR or Embossed in Register.
Textured has the look of natural wood grain. Unlike Textured, EIR exactly replicates the grooves of the printed grain. It has a more realistic-looking texture of wood.
Hand-Scraped – If you’re interested in giving your floors that aged but elegant look, you might want to consider hand-scraped laminate flooring.
Type Of Floor Construction
High-Pressure Laminate (HPL) – One of the most durable types of laminate flooring you can find on the market.
HPL is made by using a 1 to 2 step fusing process whereby layers of planks are first glued together then fused with other materials before it is finally glued as an HPL plank.
Direct Pressure Laminate (DPL) – This is the most common way of producing laminate flooring. In DPL, 4 layers of planks are put together then heated in order to bond the pieces together.
DPL flooring may not be as durable as HPL, but its simpler process makes it the cheaper option.
Are you looking for a glossy or matte finish to your flooring?
You can find laminate flooring with the right amount of shine to suit your tastes and design preferences.
Quick tip: Low-gloss laminate flooring can cover up scratches and nicks better than high-gloss laminate flooring.
If you are prioritising aesthetics and are after a specific look and feel for your home, you can find a wide variety of design patterns for laminate flooring.
Among these design patterns are the following:
- Traditional Floor Board
- Thin Strip Flooring
- Wide-Plank Floor Board
- Herringbone and Chevron Design Patterns
Based On AC Rating
The AC Rating is the measure of laminate flooring’s durability for home or office use.
AC stands for Abrasion Class.
The rating is based on a system that grades laminate flooring from a scale of 1 to 5 with 5 as the highest rating:
• AC1 – Moderate Residential; ideal for light foot traffic and recommended for use in the bedroom or closets.
• AC2 – General Residential; recommended for areas with moderate foot traffic such as the living room and dining room.
• AC3 – Heavy Residential; best suited for high-traffic areas at home but can also be used for light-traffic areas of an office.
• AC4 – General Commercial; This grade level means the laminate flooring can be used in all areas of the home and in some commercial spaces.
• AC5 – Heavy Commercial; If your place of business regularly experiences heavy foot traffic, look for laminate flooring with this AC Rating.